Braces (orthodontic treatment) have 3 major purposes: (i) To improve occlusion. By aligning the teeth in the right position, the pressure is evenly distributed to the other teeth, thus correcting malocclusion and reducing pressure on the jaw; (ii) To improve alignment of teeth. Braces help to improve teeth alignment thus reducing the risk of tooth decay and periodontal disease by easier cleaning , and help to improve speech; (iii) To improve appearance. Braces help to restore the teeth to its proper position thus bringing a charming smile.
Conventional braces and lingual braces
There are two types of fixed braces: brackets that are bonded to the front of the teeth (conventional braces) and that are placed behind the teeth (lingual braces). They are made from metal, or ceramic or reinforced plastic (bracket) and dental wires. The brackets are linked to each other with a thin archwire, which dentists will apply force regularly to adjust the pressure on the teeth and to cause them to move slowly into the designated position.
TAD & Elastics
A temporary anchorage device (TAD) is a temporary mini-implant which is made of titanium alloy metal. If you have a protruding tooth, exposed gums, overbite, crooked teeth and misaligned teeth, etc., the dentist will adopt TAD and elastics to speed up the moving of the teeth and reduce the necessity for surgery.
Plaque and food debris are easily accumulated during the fixed orthodontics treatment, which in turn can lead to a myriad of dental problems, such as gingivitis and enamel damage. Maintain good oral hygiene by brushing your teeth properly (on all surfaces) to prevent the formation of plaque. Achieve excellent oral hygiene by maintaining a proper dental routine, including using fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristle toothbrush, cleaning your teeth and braces every morning and evening and after meals.
Use Proper Brushing Technique
- Place the toothbrush bristles vertically on the braces and brush 10 times in small circles
- Tilt your brush upward at 45 degrees and place it under the braces. Bush 10 times in small circles
- Tilt your brush downward at 45 degrees and place it above the braces. Bush 10 times in small circles. Make sure that the braces and gums are cleaned thoroughly
- Clean the chewing surfaces and the inside surfaces of the teeth
Use a Floss
Floss once a day. Thread the floss through the bottom of the braces. Pull the floss between the teeth and slide the floss up and down. This is a great way to clean between teeth and scrubs the hard-to-reach places that are easily missed by brushes.
Use an Interdental Brush
Push the bristle tip into the hard-to-reach areas around brackets and archwire using a back and forth motion. The tool is designed specifically for going where your toothbrush and floss can’t.